Governing technological risks is not only a technical matter, but also a matter of ethical and societal considerations.
Risk governance scholars and practitioners therefore argue that risk decisions must include all stakeholders. However, inclusiveness cannot account for normative uncertainties; i.e. when there is no unequivocal right or wrong decision and it is unclear how one ought to act. Moreover, inclusiveness cannot adjudicate between different normative priorities of stakeholders. Further, concerning transboundary and intergenerational risks (e.g. energy and climate risks), it is impossible to include all stakeholders, which exacerbates normative uncertainties. Good governance of technological risk would require us to identify and address normative uncertainties.
In collaboration with TU/e department of IE&IS